This deadly disease it’s called Leishmaniasis, also spelled leishmaniosis and it’s common in Syria and the Middle East. But, even though it is not common in the west, we should be careful because the main carriers of this disease are dogs, and then flies and ticks, and it causes open wounds, bleeding from the nose, difficulty swallowing and breathing.

Leishmaniasis may be divided into the following types:

  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form, which causes an open sore at the bite sites, which heals in a few months to a year and half, leaving an unpleasant-looking scar. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis produces widespread skin lesions which resemble leprosy, and may not heal on its own.
  • Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis causes both skin and mucosal ulcers with damage primarily of the nose and mouth.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis  is the most serious form, and is potentially fatal if untreated. Other consequences, which can occur a few months to years after infection, include fever, damage to the spleen and liver, and anemia.


Dogs are the main carriers of this infectious disease, and that it is possible to transfer the flies and other insects that live on them. The threat is especially high because of the current circulations of migrants from Syria and the Middle East, and the symptoms of this deadly disease can occur a few months to years after the initial infection.

It can be transmitted by ticks, but the main route of transmission is from dogs to humans. It is not transmitted from human to human. It can only happen theoretically through blood transfusion. The greatest risk factor are stray dogs. This disease can be treated, but the treatment is long and difficult.

In addition to Syria, the disease has spread to Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. In Turkey  an increased number of patients was recorded, recently.


  • Leishmaniasis can be partly prevented by using nets treated with insecticide while sleeping. Check out the recipe for a natural insecticide here.
  • Avoiding stray dog
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